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With the development of gold extraction technology, flotation and cyanidation are common process used for gold. But do you know the difference between flotation and cyanidation? This paper will make the comparison between flotation and cyanidation processes.
Flotation process is a common metal ore processing process, and it is also applicable to gold ore. It is mainly applicable to the gold-bearing quartz vein ore with fine gold particles and high floatability, multi-metal gold-bearing sulfide ore and carbon-bearing ore.
Cyanidation gold extraction process is the main modern method of gold extraction, which has a strong adaptability to gold deposits. Its main process including cyanide leaching, adsorption from cyanide solution, get the finished product and so on several process, can be roughly divided into two kinds, continuous counter current washing with thickener, and use of zinc dust replacement precipitation recycling gold so-called conventional cyanidation leaching gold process, and do not need to filter washing, active carbon adsorption of recovery of gold from cyanide pulp directly without filtering cyaniding carbon slurry process, respectively, in the form of zinc dust replacement and activated carbon adsorption to extract gold from cyanide liquid to come out. The process is complicated, but the recovery rate of CIP and CIL is relatively high. The recovery rate of CIP and CIL can be stable at 80% or even above 90%.
On the contrary, the complex cyanidation gold extraction process requires complex and strict equipment and higher infrastructure investment. Therefore, compere to flotation, the cost of cyanidation is much higher.
Flotation and cyanidation are both chemical processing methods, therefore, the process of mineral processing is naturally indispensable agents. Gold flotation needs foaming agent, inhibitor, activator, collector and so on.
But for the cyanidation process, agent is relatively simple and the ore is just leached with cyanidation agent.
No matter which process these two technologies are, substances that will damage the environment will be produced in the process. At present, cyanide-little environmental gold extract has been developed as a substitute of traditional cyanidation agents to reduce the damage to the environment.
Let's take a look at the application of these two gold extraction techniques from practical cases. Cambodia a gold flotation project, the mine ore processing is given priority to with natural gold, but throughout arsenopyrite fissure, pyrrhotite and cleft in the semiconductor and processing difficulty is big, the technical team, according to the mining characteristics, closely combined with the actual, for its design is given priority to with flotation of gold production line, undressed ore for mining large fluctuations, process operation to solve problems such as unstable. The advantages and disadvantages of flotation gold extraction and cyanidation gold extraction are summarized as follows:
Fine gold particles, with floatable sulfide gold quartz vein ore, multi - metal gold sulfide ore and carbon ore.
It has strong adaptability to gold ore, such as ore containing natural adsorbents such as clay, graphite, bituminous shale and iron oxide, and complex gold ores such as arsenic-gold ore.
Recovery of sulfide ore and oxidized ore can reach 90% and 75% respectively.
Heap leaching method can reach 65%~80%, CIP and CIL can reach 80%
Simple process, low investment in infrastructure equipment, can deal with the distribution of refractory ore
The recovery rate is high, the reagents have environmental substitutes, and the damage to the environment can be reduced
The use of agents can have an impact on the environment
High investment in infrastructure equipment, complex process
From the examples and comparison, we can conclude that the gold extraction technology is not applicable to all mines, no matter flotation or cyanidation. In the process of selecting the technology, the ore dressing test should be carried out on the mine first. According to the experimental results and the actual situation, the most suitable gold extraction method is the best.